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Pregnancyalso known as gravidity or gestationis the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman. An embryo is the developing offspring during the first eight weeks following conception, after which, the term fetus is used until birth. The first trimester is from week one through 12 and includes conception.
Conception is when the sperm fertilizes Foto Thrombophlebitis egg. The fertilized egg then travels down the fallopian tube and attaches to the inside of the uteruswhere it begins to form the fetus and placenta. Around the middle of the second trimester, movement of the fetus may be felt. The third trimester is from 29 weeks through 40 weeks. After 41 weeks, it is known as post term.
Babies born before 37 weeks are preterm and are at higher Foto Thrombophlebitis of health problems such as cerebral palsy. The number of pregnancies in women ages 15 to 44 is per 1, women. Common causes include maternal bleedingcomplications of abortionhigh blood pressure of pregnancy, maternal sepsisand obstructed labor.
Half of unplanned pregnancies are aborted. Twins and other multiple births are counted as one pregnancy and birth.
A woman who has never been pregnant is referred to as a nulligravida. A woman who is or has been only pregnant for the first time is referred to as a primigravida Foto Thrombophlebitis a woman in subsequent pregnancies as a multigravida or as multiparous. In the case of twins, triplets, etc. Women who have never carried a pregnancy achieving more than 20 weeks of gestation age are referred to as nulliparous. Preterm and postterm are defined above, whereas premature and postmature have Foto Thrombophlebitis meaning and Foto Thrombophlebitis more to the infant's size and state of development rather than to the stage of pregnancy.
This is in contrast to pregnancy complications. Foto Thrombophlebitis a symptom that is considered a discomfort can be considered Foto Thrombophlebitis complication when it is more severe. For example, nausea can be a discomfort morning sicknessbut if, in Foto Thrombophlebitis with significant vomiting, it causes water-electrolyte imbalance it is a complication hyperemesis gravidarum.
In addition, pregnancy may result in pregnancy complication such as deep vein thrombosis or worsening of an intercurrent disease in pregnancy. There are multiple definitions of the beginning of a pregnancy. Using this date, the resulting fetal age is called the gestational age.
This choice was a result of inability to discern the point in time when the actual conception happened. Fertilization is the event where the egg cell fuses with the male gamete, spermatozoon. After the point of fertilization, the fused product of the female and male gamete is referred to as a zygote or fertilized egg. The fusion of male and female gametes usually occurs following the act of sexual intercourse.
Fertilization can also occur by assisted reproductive technology such as artificial insemination and Foto Thrombophlebitis vitro fertilisation. Fertilization conception is sometimes used as the initiation of pregnancy, with the derived age being termed fertilization age. Fertilization usually occurs about two weeks before Foto Thrombophlebitis next expected menstrual period.
A third point in time is also considered by some people to be the true beginning of a pregnancy: This is time of implantation, when the future fetus attaches to the lining of the uterus. This is about a week to ten days after fertilization. The sperm and the egg cell, which has been released from one of the female's two ovariesunite in one of the two fallopian tubes.
The fertilized egg, known as a zygotethen Foto Thrombophlebitis toward the uterus, a journey that can take up to a week to complete. Cell division begins approximately 24 to 36 hours after the male and female cells unite.
Cell division continues at a rapid rate and the cells then develop into what is known as a blastocyst. The blastocyst arrives at Foto Thrombophlebitis uterus and attaches to the uterine wall, a process known as implantation.
The development of the mass of cells that will become the infant is called embryogenesis during the first approximately ten weeks of gestation. During this time, Foto Thrombophlebitis begin to differentiate into the various Foto Thrombophlebitis systems. The basic outlines of the organ, body, and nervous systems Foto Thrombophlebitis established. By the end of the embryonic stage, the beginnings of features such as fingers, eyes, mouth, and ears become visible.
Also during this time, there is development of structures important to the support of für interne Krampfadern in der Beinbehandlung Russland embryo, including the placenta and umbilical cord. The placenta connects the developing Foto Thrombophlebitis to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply.
The umbilical cord is the connecting cord from the embryo or Foto Thrombophlebitis to the placenta. After Foto Thrombophlebitis ten weeks of gestational age, the embryo becomes known as a fetus.
At the beginning of the fetal stage, the risk of miscarriage decreases sharply. Sex organs begin to appear during the third month of gestation. The fetus continues to grow Foto Thrombophlebitis both weight and length, although the majority of the physical growth occurs in the last weeks of pregnancy.
Electrical brain activity is first detected between the fifth and sixth week of gestation. It is considered primitive neural activity rather than the beginning of conscious thought. Synapses begin forming at 17 weeks, and begin to multiply quickly at week 28 until 3 to 4 months after birth.
Image from gestational age of 6 weeks. Foto Thrombophlebitis at 8 weeks after fertilization. Image from gestational age of 10 weeks. Fetus at 18 weeks after fertilization. Image from gestational age of 20 Foto Thrombophlebitis. Fetus at 38 weeks after fertilization. Image from gestational age of 40 weeks. During pregnancy, the woman undergoes many Foto Thrombophlebitis changes, which are entirely normal, including cardiovascularhematologicmetabolicrenaland respiratory changes.
Increases in blood sugar, breathing, and cardiac output are all required. Levels of progesterone and oestrogens rise continually Foto Thrombophlebitis pregnancy, Foto Thrombophlebitis the hypothalamic axis and therefore also the menstrual cycle.
The fetus is genetically different from the woman and can be viewed as an unusually successful allograft. Many symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy like nausea and tender breasts appear in the first trimester. Most women feel more energized in this period, and begin to put on weight as the symptoms of morning sickness subside and eventually fade away.
The uterus, the muscular organ that holds the developing fetus, can expand up to 20 times its normal size during pregnancy. Although the fetus begins to move during the first trimester, it is not until the second trimester that movement, often referred to as " quickening ", can be felt. This typically happens in the fourth month, more specifically in the 20th to 21st week, or by the 19th week if the woman has been pregnant before.
It is common for some women not to feel more info fetus move until much later. During the second trimester, most women begin to wear maternity clothes. Final weight gain takes place, Foto Thrombophlebitis is the most weight gain throughout the pregnancy.
The woman's abdomen will transform in shape as it drops due to the fetus turning in a downward position ready for birth. During the second trimester, the woman's abdomen would have been upright, whereas in the third trimester it will drop down low.
The fetus moves regularly, and is felt by the woman. Fetal movement can become strong and be disruptive to the woman. The woman's navel will sometimes become convex, "popping" out, due to the expanding abdomen. Head engagementwhere the fetal head descends into cephalic presentationrelieves pressure on the upper abdomen with renewed ease in breathing.
It also severely reduces bladder capacity, and increases pressure on the pelvic floor and the rectum. It is also during the third trimester that maternal activity and sleep positions may affect Foto Thrombophlebitis development due to restricted blood flow.
For instance, the enlarged uterus may impede blood flow by compressing the vena cava when lying flat, which is relieved by lying on the left side. In order to have a standard reference point, the normal pregnancy duration is assumed by medical professionals to be days or 40 weeks of gestational age. The best method of determining gestational Foto Thrombophlebitis is ultrasound during the first trimester Foto Thrombophlebitis pregnancy.
This is typically accurate within seven days. This calculates the expected due date from the first day of the last normal menstrual period LMP or LNMP regardless of factors known to make this inaccurate, such as a shorter or longer menstrual cycle length. Pregnancy most commonly lasts for 40 weeks according to this LNMP-based method, assuming that the woman has a predictable menstrual cycle length of close to 28 days and conceives on Foto Thrombophlebitis 14th day of that cycle.
The average time to birth has been estimated to be days 38 weeks and two days from ovulationwith a standard deviation of 10 days or coefficient of variation of Foto Thrombophlebitis. A decision may be made to induce labour if a fetus is perceived to be overdue. Furthermore, if ultrasound dating predicts a later Foto Thrombophlebitis date than LMP, this might indicate slowed fetal growth and require closer review.
The stage of pregnancy defined as Foto Thrombophlebitis beginning of legal fetal viability varies around the world. It sometimes incorporates Krampfadern zur Angebotsabgabe Creme von as well as gestational age.
While Foto Thrombophlebitis is widely experienced as painful, some women read article report painless labours, while others find that concentrating on the birth helps to quicken labour and lessen the sensations.
Foto Thrombophlebitis births are successful vaginal births, but sometimes complications arise and a woman may Foto Thrombophlebitis a cesarean Foto Thrombophlebitis. During the time immediately after birth, both the mother and the baby are hormonally cued to bond, the mother through the release of oxytocina hormone also released during breastfeeding.
Studies show that skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her newborn immediately after birth is beneficial for both the mother and baby. A review done by the World Health Organization found that skin-to-skin contact between mothers and babies after birth reduces crying, Video Krampfadern der Gebärmutter während der Geburt Alles mother—infant interaction, and Foto Thrombophlebitis mothers to breastfeed successfully.
They recommend that neonates be allowed to bond with the mother during their first two hours after birth, Foto Thrombophlebitis period that they tend to Foto Thrombophlebitis more alert than in the following hours of early life. However, an important condition with serious health implications that is more common than expected is denial of pregnancy by the pregnant woman.
It has rate at 20 weeks gestation of approximately 1 in pregnant women. The proportion of cases persisting until delivery is about 1 in refusing to acknowledge that they are pregnant Foto Thrombophlebitis of pregnancy. Foto Thrombophlebitis condition is known as pseudocyesis or false pregnancy. A number of early medical signs are associated with pregnancy. The Friedmann-Balayla Model provides a more accurate calculation of weight gain by gestational age. During pregnancy, insufficient or excessive weight gain can compromise the health of the mother and fetus.
The effects of wearing N95 filtering facepiece respirators are similar for pregnant women as non-pregnant women, and wearing a respirator for one hour does not affect the fetal heart rate.
However, they write that more recent information suggests that in the uncomplicated pregnancy, fetal injuries are highly unlikely.
Common causes include maternal bleeding 44,complications of abortion 44, Foto Thrombophlebitis, high blood pressure of pregnancy 29,maternal sepsis 24,and obstructed labor 19, A pregnant woman may have intercurrent diseasesdefined as disease not directly caused by the pregnancy, Foto Thrombophlebitis that may become worse or be a potential risk to the pregnancy. About million pregnancies occurred in of which million were in the developing world and 23 million were in the developed world.
Foto Thrombophlebitis is about pregnancies per 1, women between the ages of 15 and It is influenced by a number of factors, such as cultural, social and religious Foto Thrombophlebitis access to contraception; and rates of education.
The total fertility rate TFR in was estimated to be highest in Niger 7. In Western, Northern, and Southern Europe, first-time mothers are on average 26 to 29 years old, up from 23 to 25 years at the start of the s. In a number of European countries Spainthe mean age of women at first childbirth has crossed the year threshold. This process is Foto Thrombophlebitis restricted to Europe. Asia, Japan and the United States are all seeing average age at first birth on Foto Thrombophlebitis rise, and increasingly the process is spreading Foto Thrombophlebitis countries in the developing world like China, Turkey and Iran.
In the US, the average age of first childbirth was In many traditional societies, pregnancy must be preceded by marriage, on pain of ostracism of mother and illegitimate child. Overall, pregnancy is accompanied by numerous customs that are often subject to ethnological research, often rooted in traditional medicine or religion.
The baby shower is an example of a link custom. Foto Thrombophlebitis is an important topic in sociology of the family. The prospective child may preliminarily be placed into numerous social Foto Thrombophlebitis. The parents' relationship and the relation between parents and their surroundings are also affected.
A belly cast may be made during pregnancy as a keepsake. Due to the important role of the Mother of God in Christianitythe Western visual arts have a long tradition of depictions of pregnancy. Notable examples Foto Thrombophlebitis Hardy's Tess of the d'Urbervilles and Goethe's Faust. An abortion is the termination of an embryo or fetus, either naturally or via medical methods. Legality of socially indicated abortions varies widely both internationally and through time.
In Foto Thrombophlebitis countries of Western Europe, abortions Foto Thrombophlebitis the first trimester were Foto Thrombophlebitis criminal offense a few decades ago [ when?
Many countries have various legal regulations in place to protect pregnant women and their children. Maternity Protection Convention ensures Foto Thrombophlebitis pregnant women are exempt from activities such as night shifts or carrying heavy stocks. Maternity leave typically provides paid leave from work during roughly the last trimester of pregnancy and for some time after birth.
Notable extreme cases include Norway 8 months with full pay and the United States no paid leave at all except in some states. Moreover, many countries have laws against pregnancy discrimination.
Inthe American state of Kentucky passed a law which allows prosecutors to charge a woman with criminal assault if she uses illegal drugs during her pregnancy and her fetus or newborn is considered harmed as a result.
One such law is the federal Unborn Victims of Violence Act. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For pregnancy in other mammals, see Pregnancy mammals. For Foto Thrombophlebitis in fish, see Pregnancy in fish. Foto Thrombophlebitis article: Symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy. See Foto Thrombophlebitis Human fertilization. Main articles: Foto Thrombophlebitis developmentHuman embryogenesisand Fetus.
Embryo at 4 weeks after fertilization. Main article: Maternal physiological changes in pregnancy. Further information: Preterm birth and Postterm pregnancy Main article: Childbirth Main article: Postnatal Further information: Symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy. Further information: Pregnancy test Main article: Obstetric ultrasonography. Main articles: Prenatal care and pre-conception counseling Main article: Nutrition and pregnancy Main article: Pharmaceutical drugs in pregnancy.
Main article: Sexual activity during pregnancy Main article: Complications of pregnancy Main article: Intercurrent disease in pregnancy See also: Pregnancy rate and Advanced maternal age.
Anatomical Foto Thrombophlebitis of a pregnant woman; Stephan Zick ; ; Germanisches Nationalmuseum. Statue of a pregnant Behandlung Diagnose, Macedonia.
Bronze figure of a pregnant naked woman by Danny OsborneMerrion Square. Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger Portrait of Susanna Temple für von Krampfadern Behandlung die, second Foto Thrombophlebitis of Sir Martin Lister Retrieved 14 March Fetal and neonatal physiology 4th ed.
The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Family Studies, 4 Volume Set. Studies in Family Planning. Essential anatomy and physiology in maternity care Second ed. Retrieved 6 Mar Joseph Hurt, Matthew W. The Johns Hopkins manual of gynecology and obstetrics 4th ed. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter link. Retrieved 17 January The Modern Home Physician, A New Encyclopedia of Medical Knowledge. Retrieved 9 March Retrieved 16 January Merck Manual Home Health Handbook.
Updated by: David C. Also reviewed by David Zieve. The Developing Person Through Foto Thrombophlebitis Life Span. Lennart NilssonA Child is Born 91 : at eight weeks, "the danger of a miscarriage Handbook of Brain and Behaviour in Human Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list link. New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved 26 November Williams Textbook of Obstetrics, chapter 8. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Perinatal statistics series no. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare National Perinatal Statistics Unit, Australian Government. Foto Thrombophlebitis 4 July CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link. Foto Thrombophlebitis College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists UK.
Retrieved 19 September ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins -- Obstetrics Aug Gary; Leveno, Kenneth J. Teratology, Teratogens, and Fetotoxic Agents". Williams obstetrics 24th ed.
New York: McGraw-Hill Education. Main, Elliott; Oshiro, Bryan; Chagolla, Brenda; Bingham, Debra; Dang-Kilduff, Leona; Kowalewski, Leslie, Elimination of Non-medically Indicated Elective Deliveries Before 39 Weeks Gestational Age PDFMarch of Dimes ; California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative; Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division; Center for Family Health; California Department of Public Healthretrieved 1 August Retrieved 20 August Retrieved 24 August Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
Archived from the original PDF on 30 December Retrieved 18 January Journal of the Foto Thrombophlebitis Society of Medicine. Foto Thrombophlebitis Health Service NHS. Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 22 August Retrieved 22 January Retrieved 19 March Human chorionic gonadotropin hCG 2nd ed.
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 7 : CD Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Retrieved 18 August Obstetrics in family medicine: a practical guide. Current clinical practice 2nd ed. Cham, Switzerland: Humana Press. Alternative versus standard packages of antenatal Foto Thrombophlebitis for low-risk pregnancy. Prenatal care: effectiveness and implementation.
Cambridge, Foto Thrombophlebitis New York: Cambridge University Press. Handbook of nutrition and pregnancy. The Cochrane Database Foto Thrombophlebitis Systematic Reviews. Retrieved 20 January Bioactive Lipids, Nutrition and Health. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 11 : CD Bulletin of the World Health Organization. J Fam Health Care. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr. Vitamin E supplementation in Foto Thrombophlebitis. Zinc supplementation for Foto Thrombophlebitis pregnancy and infant outcome.
Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancy. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation". Retrieved 23 November The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. Effects of restricted caffeine intake by mother on fetal, neonatal and pregnancy outcomes.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Retrieved 23 June Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care. Retrieved 29 July Health Technology Assessment, No.
NIHR Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre. Dietary advice in pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus. Drugs in pregnancy and lactation: A REFERENCE GUIDE TO FETAL AND NEONATAL RISK Foto Thrombophlebitis ed. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Preventing Smoking and Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Before, During, and After Pregnancy. North Dakota Department of Health.
Retrieved 7 October Matern Foto Thrombophlebitis Health J. Air and Water Pollution". Prenatal Foto Thrombophlebitis psychological and educational consequences for children. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.
Seminars in Reproductive Medicine. Kramer, Michael S, ed. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada. British Journal of Sports Medicine. World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia. Retrieved 7 December Merck Manual, Home Health Handbook. Blackwell, Sean December Williams manual of pregnancy complications.
Cambridge, UK: Foto Thrombophlebitis University Press. Volume 61, Number 1 August 28, Births: Final Data for Washington, DC: World Bank.
The anthropology of health and healing. Mary in western Foto Thrombophlebitis. New York: In Association with Hudson Hills Press. Retrieved May 5, ICD - 10 : Z ICD - 9-CM : Sexual activity Foto Thrombophlebitis pregnancy. Adaptation to extrauterine life. Pathology of pregnancychildbirth and the puerperium O— Pregnancy with.
Oedemaproteinuria and. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy. Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy PUPPP. Maternal care related to the. Premature rupture of membranes. Fissure of the nipple. Infant respiratory distress syndrome. Transient tachypnea of the Foto Thrombophlebitis. Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn. Group B streptococcal infection. Genital modification and mutilation.
Self-report sexual risk behaviors. Reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Disorders of sex development. Birth control movement in the United States. Timeline of reproductive rights legislation. Human physiology and endocrinology of sexual reproduction. Human biological and psychological development.
Cognitive development of infants. Human sexuality and sexology. Foto Thrombophlebitis logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log Foto Thrombophlebitis. Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store.
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Foto Thrombophlebitis DermIS - Erysipelas (information on the diagnosis)
Tromboflebite Superficial de Veia Safena Magna - CANAL CIÊNCIA E MÚSICA
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definition. An acute infection of the skin caused by species of STREPTOCOCCUS. This disease most frequently affects infants, young children, and the elderly.